Rule 2 - Definitions
SECTION 31. Field Areas
Article 1 - The Field
Article 2 - Field of Play
Article 3 - End Zones
a. The end zone at each end of the field is the rectangle defined by the goal line, sidelines and end line.
b. The goal line and goal line pylons are in the end zone.
c. A team’s end zone is the one it is defending. (A.R. 8-5-1:VII) (A.R. 8-6-1:I)
Article 4 - Playing Surface
Article 5 - Playing Enclosure
Article 6 - Side Zone
SECTION 32. Fighting
Article 1 - Fighting
Fighting is any attempt by a player, coach or squad member in uniform to strike an opponent in a combative manner unrelated to football. Such acts include, but are not limited to:
a. An attempt to strike an opponent with the arm(s), hand(s), leg(s) or foot (feet), whether or not there is contact.
b. An unsportsmanlike act toward an opponent that causes any opponent to retaliate by fighting (Rules 9-2-1 and 9-5-1).
SECTION 33. Three-and-One Principle
SECTION 34. Tackle Box
Article 1 - Tackle Box
a. The tackle box is the rectangular area enclosed by the neutral zone, the two lines parallel to the sidelines five yards from the middle lineman, and Team A’s end line. (See Appendix D.)
b. The tackle box disintegrates when the ball leaves it.
SECTION 35. Targeting
Article 1 - Targeting
"Targeting" means that a player takes aim at an opponent for purposes of attacking with forcible contact that goes beyond making a legal tackle or a legal block or playing the ball. Some indicators of targeting include but are not limited to:
a. Launch — a player leaving his feet to attack an opponent by an upward and forward thrust of the body to make forcible contact in the head or neck area.
b. A crouch followed by an upward and forward thrust to attack with forcible contact at the head or neck area, even though one or both feet are still on the ground.
c. Leading with helmet, shoulder, forearm, fist, hand or elbow to attack with forcible contact at the head or neck area.
d. Lowering the head before attacking by initiating forcible contact with the crown of the helmet.