Rule 5 - Series of Downs, Line to Gain
SECTION 2. Down and Possession After a Penalty
Article 1 - Foul During Free Kick Down
a. Blocking is obstructing an opponent by intentionally contacting him with any part of the blocker’s body.
c. Continuous contact is a block where contact with an opponent is maintained for more than one second.
Article 2 - Penalty Resulting in New Series
It is a new series with a new line to gain:
a. After a penalty that leaves the ball in possession of Team A beyond its line to gain.
b. After a penalty that mandates a first down.
Article 3 - Foul Before Change of Team Possession
a. If a penalty is accepted for a foul that occurs between the goal lines before a change of team possession during a down, the ball belongs to Team A. The down shall be repeated, unless the penalty also involves loss of a down, mandates a first down, or leaves the ball on or beyond the line to gain (Exceptions: Rules 8-3-3-b-1, 10-2-3, 10-2-4 and 10-2-5). (A.R. 10-2-3:I)
b. If the penalty involves loss of a down, the down shall count as one of the four in that series.
Article 4 - Foul After Change of Team Possession
Article 5 - Penalty Declined
Article 6 - Foul Between Downs
Article 7- Foul Between Series
a. The penalty for any dead-ball foul (including live-ball fouls treated as dead-ball fouls) that occurs after a series ends and before the ball is ready for play shall be completed before the line to gain is established.
b. The penalty for any dead-ball foul that occurs after the ball is ready for play shall be completed after the line to gain is established. (A.R. 5-2-7:I-V)